Capital: St. John's
Motto: Quaetrite Prime Regnum Dei (Seek ye first the Kingdom of God)
Flower: Pitcher Plant
Population, 1998: 538,832
The Province of Newfoundland and Labrador consists of two major geographical areas; the island of Newfoundland, and Labrador on the Canadian mainland. They are divided by the Strait of Belle Isle, in the mouth of the St. Lawrence River. The province occupies a mid-latitude position between 46º 35' and 60º 23' north. The mainland, Labrador, is bordered by northeastern Quebec and is approximately two and a half times as large as the island. Most of the island of Newfoundland lies below the 50th parallel. Located at the mouth of the St. Lawrence River the island is a large triangular-shaped area of some 112 000 km2. The island of Newfoundland is separated from the Canadian mainland by the Strait of Belle Isle in the north and by the wider Cabot Strait in the south.
The province's present population of approximately 550 000 is largely descended from settlers from southwestern England and southern Ireland who immigrated to Newfoundland in the late 1700s and early 1800s. There is also a small but vibrant francophone population, perhaps reflecting France's early presence in the area. The pattern of settlement was mainly determined by the fishing industry, a population distribution that has persisted to this day. The Avalon Peninsula and northeastern Newfoundland, the traditional base for the fisheries, continue to be the most heavily populated areas.
Since its first settlement, Newfoundland and Labrador has been highly dependent on its resource sector. The province was initially settled because of its rich fishing grounds on the Grand Banks. The mainstay of the province's fishing industry has been groundfish (primarily cod); however, other important catches are flounder, redfish, capelin, shrimp and crab.
In addition to fish products and pulp and paper products, about half of the province's manufacturing gross domestic product comes from other resource- and non-resource-based manufacturing. Numerous companies are engaged in the manufacture of items such as boats, lumber, chemical and oil-based products, food and beverages, clothing and footwear. In total, the province shipped about $1.76 billion in manufactured products in 1998.
|*Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, Copyright (c) 2003.|
Come discover one of the oldest cities in North America. A city unlike any other. Cradled in a harbour carved from 500 million year old rock. Surrounded by hills running down to the ocean. Quaint side streets of a thousand colours. Friendly faces wait to greet you. Where old and new, city and nature, live as neighbours. Come take a journey to the City of Legends.
With a population of 100,000 in the city and approximately 185,000 in the metro area, the city will never seem too crowded for you and your family to go and enjoy the city sights and all it has to offer.
Rich with history. Rife with culture. Sprawling with natural beauty. All these wonders have been here for thousands of years, embraced by those who happened upon them. It's up to the traveller to enjoy them, to go vigorously in search of people, adventures, and places to experience. Around every bend you will find a piece of heaven, a delightful sight, a playful breeze that will help your journey.
Here, you will learn about this place called Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Catch a glimpse of icebergs, whales, birds and wildlife. Find hiking trails, parks, historic sites and scenic driving routes. Search for maps, accommodations, tours, festivals and events, outfitters and places to shop. Take this opportunity to explore this mysterious land. Let go of your expectations. Prepare yourself to be lost, and found, in Newfoundland and Labrador.
St. John’s has generally mild winters with an average temperature of 0 degrees Celsius. During the summer months the temperature ranges from cool to hot with an average of 20-23 degrees Celsius.
Oh there are lots of things to do here in Newfoundland and Labrador. The hard part is figuring out what to do first. Set out to do one thing and you’ll end up doing another. From outdoor adventures to watching wildlife to soaking up a bit of culture, you’ll never find yourself twiddling your thumbs – unless of course, you want to, which is perfectly fine by us.
You see, the unexpected is the norm around here. You might plan to tour the coastline by sea kayak one afternoon, but suddenly find yourself in a pub eating pan-fried cod and scrunchions. Or set out to tour a museum one morning and you might just end up shopping along the oldest street in North America.
One thing’s for certain – if there was ever a place to lose, or find yourself, it would be right here, in Newfoundland and Labrador.